Learn more about the Stonewall riots with ‘American Experience’

Explore what happened when police raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City on June 28, 1969. The streets erupted into violent protests that lasted for six days and marked a major turning point in the modern gay civil rights movement. “Stonewall Uprising” airs on Tuesday, June 11 at 8 p.m.

WATCH: “Stonewall Uprising”

Based on David Carter’s Stonewall: The Riots that Sparked the Gay Revolution and told through interviews with Stonewall patrons, reporters and the policeman who led the raid, Stonewall Uprising recalls the fervently hostile climate in which the gay community was forced to live. The vast majority of medical authorities decreed homosexuality a mental disorder and often prescribed brutal treatment, including lobotomy. Homosexual acts were illegal in every state except Illinois and gays frequently found themselves being hauled off to jail, their names splashed in the next day’s newspaper. Police entrapment was rampant, and being arrested meant that licenses to teach, practice law, medicine, or cosmetology might be denied or revoked.

Even in Greenwich Village, where thousands of people moved to escape the constant oppression of their hometowns, patrons of gay bars were accustomed to frequent police harassment. But on June 28, 1969, when the N.Y.P.D. raided the Stonewall, the gay community experienced what one Village Voice reporter who was on the scene called its “Rosa Parks moment.” For the first time, patrons refused to be led into paddy wagons, setting off a violent uprising that launched the gay rights movement. Exactly one year later, America saw its first Gay Pride Parade as thousands marched up Sixth Avenue.

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